ISO In Photography – Beginners Tutorial
ISO In Photography. There three settings that are very crucial in a camera, the first is Aperture, Speed and ISO. Once you master the correct settings in a different situation, you have Little to worry about.
ISO In Photography: Table Of Content
- WHAT IS ISO
- IMPORTANCE OF ISO IN CAMERA
- COMMON ISO RANGE/VALUE
- WHAT ISO SHOULD I USE
- EFFECT OF ISO ON IMAGE
What is ISO?
We can simply define ISO as camera settings that contribute to how bright or darker your image can get when you shoot with a digital camera. e.g Canon and Nikon. What is photography ISO meaning to you?
Importance of ISO in Photography & Digital Camera
The major role ISO plays in a camera is to determine how sensitive your camera is to light. It helps you determine the amount of light you want. The ISO value you use when in a dark environment is different from the one you would probably use in a more brighter environment.
Common ISO Range/Value
Not all camera has the same ISO range. The value is most likely different in some camera. These are the common ISO value in most camera.
- 100 (low ISO)
- 200 ISO
- 400 1SO
- 800 1SO
- 1600 ISO
- 3200 ISO
- ISO 6400 (high ISO)
What ISO should I use?
It is only natural there will be enough light outside than indoor. Using a low ISO (100 or 200) is best when you already have nature at your back (Sun). Sometimes it might be cloudy, Raise the ISO to 400 or 500. Doing this will give your image more light.
Furthermore, Indoor needs more light. Maybe you are the type who don’t use flash, which is not advisable. But still increasing your ISO might do the work. Even perfectly with the right settings. When am in a tight situation such as this, all I do is raise my ISO to about 700. My APERTURE is set to the lowest value with lower shutter speed.
- Outdoor Photography: 100 or 200
- Indoor Photography with flash: 400 or 500
- Indoor Photography without flash: 800
- 1000+ in a very low light situation
Effect of ISO on Image
Increasing your ISO value has some side effect. The higher the ISO, the brighter your image would appear. But your pictures are likely to have Noise sometimes called grain. The correct color and exposure are not achieved when your image has Noise. The visible visual distortion you notice on your picture is called Noise. When you raise your ISO to about 1200 0r 1600, the ISO might affect your image, especially in a low light situation.
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